Molecular cloning and characterization of chemokine C-C motif ligand 34 (CCL34) genes from olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus)
- Kim, Jin-Young; Park, Jeong Su; Jung, Tae Sung; Kim, Hyoung Jun; Kwon, Se Ryun
- Issue Date
- ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
- Olive flounder(Paralichthysolivaceus); ChemokineC-C motif Ligand 34 (CCL34); Chemotactic activity; Respiratory burst activity; Inflammatory response; Lysozyme activity
- FISH & SHELLFISH IMMUNOLOGY, v.116, pp.42 - 51
- Journal Title
- FISH & SHELLFISH IMMUNOLOGY
- Start Page
- End Page
- Chemokines are a superfamily of chemotactic cytokines that regulate the migration and immune responses of leukocytes. Depending on the arrangement of the first two cysteine residues, chemokines are divided into four groups: CXC (alpha), CC (beta), C (gamma), and CX3C (delta). Chemokine C-C motif ligand 34 (CCL34) is a member of the CC chemokine family and is known as a fish-specific CC chemokine. In this experiment, we analyzed the molecular cloning and characterization of the PoCCL34 gene in olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus), including CCL34a.3 (PoCCL34a.3) and CCL34b.3 (PoCCL34b.3). The amino acid sequence of PoCCL34 has four highly conserved cysteine residues and it has a C-C motif. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that PoCCL34 was phylogenetically clustered in the fish CCL34 subcluster. Recombinant PoCCL34 induced chemotaxis of head kidney leukocytes in a dose-dependent manner. Head kidney leukocytes stimulated with PoCCL34 also exhibited significant respiratory burst activity and increased expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1 beta, IL-6, and CXCL8), but the overall expression of interferon-related genes (IFN-alpha/beta, IFN-gamma, Mx, and ISG15) did not increase. Olive flounder injected with recombinant PoCCL34 demonstrated increased expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1 beta and IL-6) in the head kidney. However, there was no increase in the expression of interferon-related genes (IFN-alpha/beta, IFN-gamma, Mx, and ISG15). Additionally, recombinant PoCCL34 induced high lysozyme activity in the serum of the flounder. These results indicate that although PoCCL34 is not involved in the antiviral response, it may play a significant role in the overall immune response of the flounder, particularly in mediating the inflammatory response.
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- 수의과대학 > Department of Veterinary Medicine > Journal Articles
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