A20 Inhibits LPS-Induced Inflammation by Regulating TRAF6 Polyubiquitination in Rainbow Troutopen access
- Jang, Ju Hye; Kim, Hyun; Jung, In Young; Cho, Ju Hyun
- Issue Date
- A20 (TNFAIP3); TRAF6; deubiquitinase (DUB); rainbow trout; RTH-149
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, v.22, no.18
- Journal Title
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES
- The ubiquitin-editing enzyme A20 is known to inhibit the NF-kappa B transcription factor in the Toll-like receptor (TLR) pathways, thereby negatively regulating inflammation. However, its role in the TLR signaling pathway in fish is still largely unknown. Here, we identified a gene encoding A20 (OmA20) in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, and investigated its role in TLR response regulation. The deduced amino acid sequence of OmA20 contained a conserved N-terminal ovarian tumor (OTU) domain and seven C-terminal zinc-finger (ZnF) domains. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation increased OmA20 expression in RTH-149 cells. In LPS-stimulated RTH-149 cells, gain- and loss-of-function experiments revealed that OmA20 inhibited MAPK and NF-kappa B activation, as well as the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines. OmA20 interacted with TRAF6, a key molecule involved in the activation of TLR-mediated NF-kappa B signaling pathways. LPS treatment increased the K63-linked polyubiquitination of TRAF6 in RTH-149 cells, which was suppressed when OmA20 was forced expression. Furthermore, mutations in the OTU domain significantly decreased deubiquitination of the K63-linked ubiquitin chain on TRAF6, indicating that deubiquitinase activity is dependent on the OTU domain. These findings suggest that OmA20, like those of mammals, reduces LPS-induced inflammation in rainbow trout, most likely by regulating K63-linked ubiquitination of TRAF6.
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