IFN-gamma Licensing Does Not Enhance the Reduced Immunomodulatory Potential and Migratory Ability of Differentiation-Induced Porcine Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells in an In Vitro Xenogeneic Applicationopen access
- Lee, Hyeon-Jeong; Kim, Hwan-Deuk; Jo, Chan-Hee; Bok, Eun-Yeong; Kim, Saet-Byul; Lee, Sung-Lim; Jang, Min; Bae, Seul-Gi; Yun, Sung-Ho; Kim, Seung-Joon; Rho, Gyu-Jin; Lee, Won-Jae
- Issue Date
- HINDAWI LTD
- BIOMED RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL, v.2021
- Journal Title
- BIOMED RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL
- IFN-gamma licensing to mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is applied to enhance the therapeutic potential of MSCs. However, although the features of MSCs are affected by several stimuli, little information is available on changes to the therapeutic potential of IFN-gamma-licensed differentiated MSCs during xenogeneic applications. Therefore, the present study is aimed at clarifying the effects of adipogenic/osteogenic differentiation and IFN-gamma licensing on the in vitro immunomodulatory and migratory properties of porcine bone marrow-derived MSCs in xenogeneic applications using human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). IFN-gamma licensing in differentiated MSCs lowered lineage-specific gene expression but did not affect MSC-specific cell surface molecules. Although indoleamine 2,3 deoxygenase (IDO) activity and expression were increased after IFN-gamma licensing in undifferentiated MSCs, they were reduced after differentiation. IFN-gamma licensing to differentiated MSCs elevated the reduced IDO expression in differentiated MSCs; however, the increase was not sufficient to reach to the level achieved by undifferentiated MSCs. During a mixed lymphocyte reaction with quantification of TNF-alpha concentration, proliferation and activation of xenogeneic PBMCs were suppressed by undifferentiated MSCs but inhibited to a lesser extent by differentiated MSCs. IFN-gamma licensing increasingly suppressed proliferation of PBMCs in undifferentiated MSCs but it was incapable of elevating the reduced immunosuppressive ability of differentiated MSCs. Migratory ability through a scratch assay and gene expression study was reduced in differentiated MSCs than their undifferentiated counterparts; IFN-gamma licensing was unable to enhance the reduced migratory ability in differentiated MSCs. Similar results were found in a Transwell system with differentiated MSCs in the upper chamber toward xenogeneic PBMCs in the lower chamber, despite IFN-gamma licensing increased the migratory ability of undifferentiated MSCs. Overall, IFN-gamma licensing did not enhance the reduced immunomodulatory and migratory properties of differentiated MSCs in a xenogeneic application. This study provides a better understanding of the ways in which MSC therapy can be applied.
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- 수의과대학 > Department of Veterinary Medicine > Journal Articles
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