Energy performance evaluation of heat storage of calcium sulfate hemihydrate composite with fine aggregate based on paraffinic phase change material
- Jeong, Su-Gwang; Wi, Seunghwan; Chang, Seong Jin; Kim, Sumin
- Issue Date
- Calcium sulfate hemihydrate; Shape-stabilized phase change material; Time lag effect; Thermal performance; Cooling load reduction
- JOURNAL OF BUILDING ENGINEERING, v.42
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF BUILDING ENGINEERING
- Calcium sulfate hemihydrate has been used as a building material because of its economical and non-combustible characteristics. By applying a heat storage material to a calcium sulfate hemihydrate composite (CSHC), the building energy consumption can be reduced. In this study, a CSHC with a high heat storage capacity was prepared using fine aggregates based on paraffinic shape-stabilized phase change materials (Fa-PSSPCMs) with exfoliated graphite nanoplatelets as stabilizing additives. The heat storage CSHC (Hs-CSHC) was prepared by mixing Fa-PSSPCM and calcium sulfate hemihydrate powder with water and then casting the mixture as boards using molds. For the Hs-CSHC containing 30 wt% Fa-PSSPCM, the latent heat capacities during heating and cooling were 46.39 and 44.28 J/g, respectively; its phase transition occurred at 20-35 degrees C. Based on analysis results, the Hs-CSHC exhibited acceptable chemical stability and high thermal performance, including a considerable latent heat capacity. The peak temperatures of Hs-CSHCs were approximately 1-2 degrees C lower than those of the plain CSHC. Moreover, compared with the plain CSHC, the Hs-CSHC with 30 wt% Fa-PSSPCM exhibited a time lag effect exceeding 720 min. In the energy simulation analysis, an 8.18% maximum cooling energy reduction was observed when the Hs-CSHC with 30 wt% Fa-PSSPCM was used. However, the effect of heating load reduction was insignificant due to the low outside temperature. Therefore, when a phase change material is utilized in a building, the phase change temperature and heat storage performance must be considered.
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- 건설환경공과대학 > 인테리어재료공학과 > Journal Articles
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