Critical Photoperiod and Optimal Quality of Night Interruption Light for Runner Induction in June-Bearing Strawberriesopen access
- Li, Yali; Xiao, Jie; Hu, Jiangtao; Jeong, Byoung Ryong
- Issue Date
- day length; night interruption light; propagation
- AGRONOMY-BASEL, v.11, no.10
- Journal Title
- The optimal photoperiod and light quality for runner induction in strawberries 'Sulhyang' and 'Maehyang' were investigated. Two experiments were carried out in a semi-closed walk-in growth chamber with 25/15 degrees C day/night temperatures and a light intensity of 250 mu mol center dot m(-2)center dot s(-1)photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD) provided from white light-emitting diodes (LEDs). In the first experiment, plants were treated with a photoperiod of either 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, or 22 h In the second experiment, a total of 4 h of night interruption (NI) light at an intensity of 70 mu mol center dot m(-2)center dot s(-1)PPFD provided from either red, blue, green, white, or far-red LED in addition to 11 h short day (SD). The results showed that both 'Sulhyang' and 'Maehyang' produced runners when a photoperiod was longer than 16 h, and the number of runners induced positively correlated with the length of photoperiod. However, the plant growth, contents of chlorophyll, sugar and starch, and Fv/Fo decreased in a 22 h photoperiod. All qualities of the NI light, especially red light, significantly increased the number of runners and daughter plants induced per plant as compared with those in the SD treatment in both cultivars. In a conclusion, a photoperiod between 16 and 20 h and NI light, especially red NI light, can be used for quality runner induction in both 'Sulhyang' and 'Maehyang'.
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