Iridal-Type Triterpenoids Displaying Human Neutrophil Elastase Inhibition and Anti-Inflammatory Effects from Belamcanda chinensisopen access
- Kim, Jeong Ho; Ban, Yeong Jun; Baiseitova, Aizhamal; Nyiramana, Marie Merci; Kang, Sang Soo; Kang, Dawon; Park, Ki Hun
- Issue Date
- B. chinensis; iridal-type triterpenoids; human neutrophil elastase; anti-inflammation
- MOLECULES, v.26, no.21
- Journal Title
- The aim of this study is to explore anti-inflammatory phytochemicals from B. chinensis based on the inhibition of pro-inflammatory enzyme, human neutrophil elastase (HNE) and anti-inflammatory activities in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophage. Three stereoisomers of iridal-type triterpenoids (1-3) were isolated from the roots of B. chinensis and their stereochemistries were completely identified by NOESY spectra. These compounds were confirmed as reversible noncompetitive inhibitors against HNE with IC50 values of 6.8-27.0 mu M. The binding affinity experiment proved that iridal-type triterpenoids had only a single binding site to the HNE enzyme. Among them, isoiridogermanal (1) and iridobelamal A (2) displayed significant anti-inflammatory effects by suppressing the expressions of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as iNOS, IL-1 beta, and TNF-alpha through the NF-kappa B pathway in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. This is the first report that iridal-type triterpenoids are considered responsible phytochemicals for anti-inflammatory effects of B. chinensis.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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