First report of eosinophil peroxidase in starry flounder (Platichthys stellatus): Gene identification and gene expression profiling
- Choi, Kwang-Min; Joo, Min-Soo; Kang, Gyoungsik; Woo, Won-Sik; Kim, Kyung Ho; Ha Jeong, Son; Son, Min Young; Kim, Do-Hyung; Park, Chan-Il
- Issue Date
- ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
- Eosinophil; Eosinophil peroxidase; Platichthys stellatus; Streptococcus parauberis; Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus
- FISH & SHELLFISH IMMUNOLOGY, v.118, pp.155 - 159
- Journal Title
- FISH & SHELLFISH IMMUNOLOGY
- Start Page
- End Page
- Eosinophils are granular leukocytes that are evolutionarily preserved in the innate immune system of some invertebrates and vertebrates, and these cells can directly remove invading microorganisms and secrete various cytokines, and are also involved in homeostasis. These eosinophils are made up of specific granular proteins that can be differentiated from other cells, and eosinophil peroxidase (EPX) is a peroxidase released only from eosinophils that plays an important role in maintaining the main function and homeostasis of eosinophils. We obtained the sequence information of EPX for the first time from the starry flounder (Platichthys stellatus), and predicted it by amino acid sequencing to confirm sequence alignment and phylogenetic characteristics with other species. Based on analysis of the expression characteristics of PsEPX mRNA in healthy P. stellatus, it was expressed at the highest level in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) and was also expressed at a relatively high level in the head kidney and intestine, which are immune-related tissues. After artificial infection with Streptococcus parauberis and viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus, which are the causes of major pathogenic diseases, the expression level of PsEPX was significantly regulated, which showed specific characteristics of pathogens or tissues. These results suggest that PsEPX is an important component of the immune system of P. stellatus and is considered a basic research case for the study of the immunological function of eosinophils in fish.
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