Ingestion of Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) during adolescence causes depressive-like behaviors through hypoactive glutamatergic signaling in the medial prefrontal cortexopen access
- Kang, Jae Soon; Baek, Ji Hyeong; Jung, Soonwoong; Chung, Hye Jin; Lee, Dong Kun; Kim, Hyun Joon
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER SCI LTD
- Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate; Depression; Medial prefrontal cortex; Glutamine synthetase; Glutamatergic neurotransmission
- ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION, v.289
- Journal Title
- ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
- Over the past decades, the production and use of hazardous chemicals has increased worldwide, and the incidence of neurological diseases is increasing proportionately. Among these chemicals, Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is the most common member of the phthalate family used as a plasticizer. The present study assessed the consequences of daily DEHP ingestion and its effects on brain functions related to depressive-like behaviors. Adolescent C57BL/6 male mice ingested different concentrations of DEHP in their diet (2, 20, and 200 mg/kg of diet), and behavioral changes in anxiety, despair, anhedonia, and sociality were investigated. DEHP exposure evoked depressive-like behaviors in a dose-dependent manner for each symptom. The levels of corticosterone and reactive oxygen species/reactive nitrogen species increased in DEHP-exposed groups, suggesting chronic stress like responses. In the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), glutamate and glutamine were decreased, and glutamine synthetase showed lower activity compared to the control group, suggesting imbalanced glutamatergic signaling. Measuring the spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic current of glutamatergic neurons, we found that DEHP ingestion resulted in hypoactive glutamatergic signaling in the mPFC.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
- 약학대학 > 약학과 > Journal Articles
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