Government Environmental Pressure and Market Response to Carbon Disclosure: A Study of the Early Chinese ETS Implementationopen access
- Jin, Ling; Choi, Jun-Hyeok; Kim, Saerona; Yang, Dong-Hoon
- Issue Date
- government pressure; carbon disclosure; cost of equity capital; state-owned enterprise; heavy pollution industry
- SUSTAINABILITY, v.13, no.24
- Journal Title
- We studied how companies' carbon disclosures affect the cost of capital under the Chinese government's introduction of the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) regulation. We also tested how much the effect varied between state-owned and private enterprises, and between polluting and non-polluting industries. Since, at its early stage, the market may perceive signals and implementations of environmental regulation as a cost burden, the effect of environmental disclosure, which is traditionally known to reduce the cost of capital, may be different. Using a comprehensive index through content analysis and targeting companies in China's pilot ETS regions between 2011 and 2016, our study showed the following test results. First, for the companies in regions where the ETS regulation was introduced, while carbon disclosure was below a certain level, disclosure raised the cost of capital, and after carbon disclosure was sufficiently high, disclosure decreased the cost of capital. Second, this inverted-U-shaped relationship appeared in non-state-owned enterprises only, and state-owned enterprises showed a traditional linear relationship that disclosure lowers the cost of capital. Third, this non-linear relationship was statistically significant only in the non-heavy pollution industries. This study contributes to the literature in that there are limited studies on the market effects of China's early introduction of the ETS regulation.
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- College of Business Administration > 회계세무학부 > Journal Articles
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