Ultra-deep sequencing mutation analysis of the BCR/ABL1 kinase domain in newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia patients
- Park, Hyunkyung; Kim, Inho; Kim, Hyeong-Joon; Shin, Dong-Yeop; Lee, Sung-Yeoun; Kwon, Oh-Hyung; Kim, Dae-Young; Lee, Kyoo-Hyung; Ahn, Jae-Sook; Park, Jinny; Sohn, Sang-Kyun; Lee, Jeong-Ok; Cheong, June-Won; Kim, Kyoung Ha; Kim, Hoon-Gu; Kim, Hawk; Lee, Yoo Jin; Nam, Seung-Hyun; Do, Young Rok; Park, Sang-Gon; Park, Seong Kyu; Bae, Sung Hwa; Song, Hun Ho; Oh, Doyeun; Jung, Chul Won; Park, Seonyang
- Issue Date
- PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
- Chronic myeloid leukemia; BCR-ABL1 tyrosine kinase; Mutations; Molecular response; Ultra-deep sequencing
- LEUKEMIA RESEARCH, v.111
- Journal Title
- LEUKEMIA RESEARCH
- Ultra deep sequencing detects low-frequency genetic mutations with high sensitivity. We used this approach to prospectively examine mutations in the BCR/ABL1 tyrosine kinase from patients with newly diagnosed, chronicphase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) treated with the tyrosine kinase inhibitor nilotinib. Between May 2013 and November 2014, 50 patients from 18 institutions were enrolled in the study. We screened 103 somatic mutations and found that mutations in the P-loop domain were the most frequent (173/454 mutations in the Ploop) and noted the presence of the V299 L mutation (dasatinib-resistant/nilotinib-sensitive) in 98 % of patients (49/50). No patients had Y253H, E255 V, or F359 V/C/I mutations, which would recommend dasatinib rather than nilotinib treatment. The S417Y mutation was associated with lower achievement of a major molecular response (MMR) at 6 months, and the V371A mutation was associated with reduced MMR and MR4.5 durations (MMR for 2 years: 100 % for no mutation vs. 75 % for mutation, P=0.039; MR4.5 for 15 months: 94.1 % vs. 25 %, P=0.002). Patients with known nilotinib-resistant mutations had lower rates of MR4.5 achievement. In conclusion, ultra-deep sequencing is a sensitive method for genetic-based treatment decisions. Based on the results of these mutational analyses, nilotinib treatment is a promising option for Korean patients with CML.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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