Experimental, Theoretical, and Numerical Investigation of the Electric Field and Surface Wettability Effects on the Penetration Length in Capillary Flowopen access
- Hassan, Rizwan Ul; Lee, Jaehyun; Khalil, Shaheer Mohiuddin; Kang, Giho; Cho, Dae-Hyun; Byun, Doyoung
- Issue Date
- AMER CHEMICAL SOC
- ACS OMEGA, v.6, no.48, pp.32773 - 32782
- Journal Title
- ACS OMEGA
- Start Page
- End Page
- This study addressed the dynamics of capillary-driven flow for different surface wettabilities by concentrating on the influence of electric potential. The capillary flow dynamics were investigated by varying the wettability (plasma-treated, hydrophobic, hydrophilic, and superhydrophilic) of a capillary surface, and the applied electric potential to the liquid ranged from 0 to 500 V. When an electric potential was applied to the liquid, the fluid flow penetration length increased by 30-50% due to the electrohydrodynamic (EHD)-driven flow by the Maxwell (electric) pressure gradient effect. The results showed that the EHD effect enhanced the fluid penetration through narrow gaps. The maximum fluid penetration was attained for every surface at 500 V, particularly for the superhydrophilic surface, which exhibited the highest value. The combined effect of the electric field and wettability resulted in an enhanced fluid penetration speed, reducing the underfill time. In addition, theoretical and numerical models were developed for comparison with the experimental results. The proposed models reinforce the observed fluid flow phenomenon on various surfaces under the influence of an electric field. These findings can provide alternative strategies for controlling the dynamic features of capillary imbibition by introducing an electric field and wettability effects, which has practical implications in flip-chip packaging, microfluidic devices, and the manipulation of biocells.
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- 융합기술공과대학 > Division of Mechatronics Engineering > Journal Articles
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