Dual adhesive unipolar polysaccharides synthesized by overlapping biosynthetic pathways in Agrobacterium tumefaciens
- Onyeziri, M.C.; Hardy, G.G.; Natarajan, R.; Xu, J.; Reynolds, I.P.; Kim, J.; Merritt, P.M.; Danhorn, T.; Hibbing, M.E.; Weisberg, A.J.; Chang, J.H.; Fuqua, C.
- Issue Date
- John Wiley and Sons Inc
- adhesin; biofilm formation; exopolysaccharides; polar localization; transposon mutagenesis
- Molecular Microbiology, v.117, no.5, pp.1023 - 1047
- Journal Title
- Molecular Microbiology
- Start Page
- End Page
- Agrobacterium tumefaciens is a member of the Alphaproteobacteria that pathogenises plants and associates with biotic and abiotic surfaces via a single cellular pole. A. tumefaciens produces the unipolar polysaccharide (UPP) at the site of surface contact. UPP production is normally surface-contact inducible, but elevated levels of the second messenger cyclic diguanylate monophosphate (cdGMP) bypass this requirement. Multiple lines of evidence suggest that the UPP has a central polysaccharide component. Using an A. tumefaciens derivative with elevated cdGMP and mutationally disabled for other dispensable polysaccharides, a series of related genetic screens have identified a large number of genes involved in UPP biosynthesis, most of which are Wzx-Wzy-type polysaccharide biosynthetic components. Extensive analyses of UPP production in these mutants have revealed that the UPP is composed of two genetically, chemically, and spatially discrete forms of polysaccharide, and that each requires a specific Wzy-type polymerase. Other important biosynthetic, processing, and regulatory functions for UPP production are also revealed, some of which are common to both polysaccharides, and a subset of which are specific to each type. Many of the UPP genes identified are conserved among diverse rhizobia, whereas others are more lineage specific. ? 2022 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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- 농업생명과학대학 > 식물의학과 > Journal Articles
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