Comparison of Conventional Surgical Tracheostomy and Percutaneous Dilatational Tracheostomy in the Neurosurgical Intensive Care Unitopen access
- Lim, S.; Park, H.; Lee, J.M.; Lee, K.; Heo, W.; Hwang, S.-H.
- Issue Date
- Korean Neurotraumatology Society
- Brain injury; Intensive care unit; Neurosurgery; Retrospective study; Tracheostomy
- Korean Journal of Neurotrauma, v.18
- Journal Title
- Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
- Objective: Tracheostomy is a necessary procedure for patients admitted to the neurosurgery intensive care unit (ICU) with severe brain injury, because mechanical ventilation must be maintained for a long time following neurologic failure. The purpose of this study was to compare conventional surgical tracheostomy (CST) and percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) performed at the bedside in critically ill neurosurgery patients requiring tracheostomy to determine which procedure has comparative advantages. Methods: This retprospective study was conducted between January 2019 and December 2020. PDT was performed on 52 patients and CST was performed on 44 patients. The baseline characteristics, procedural characteristics, and clinical outcomes were recorded. Results: The mean operative time in the CST group was 25.5±6.5 minutes and that in the PDT group was 15.1±2.5 minutes; the difference was statistically significant (p<0.01). Four patients in the CST group and none in the PDT group experienced bleeding requiring transfusion. However, there was no significant difference in total ICU mortality or length of hospital stay. There were no statistical differences in the individual complication categories between the 2 study groups. Conclusion: There were fewer procedure-induced complications among patients receiving PDT than among those receiving CST. In addition, the treatment time for PDT was shorter than that for CST treatment. ? 2022 Korean Neurotraumatology Society.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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