수술 및 시술 시 항혈전제 사용에 대한 전문가 합의문: 1부. 종설편Consensus Document on Perioperative Antithrombotic Management: Part 1. A Review
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- Consensus Document on Perioperative Antithrombotic Management: Part 1. A Review
- 박용휘; 허애영; 김현국; 문재연; 박재형; 박근호; 이경훈; 주형준; 원호연; 안성균; 박홍준; 홍성진; 김범준; 반승필; 서정원; 송영빈; 조정래; 정영훈; 김원; 신은석
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- Myocardial ischemia; Dual anti-platelet therapy; Anticoagulants; Surgical procedures; operative
- 대한내과학회지, v.97, no.3, pp.150 - 163
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- The prevalence of ischemic heart disease is steadily growing as populations age. Antithrombotic treatment is a key therapeutic modality for the prevention of secondary cerebro-cardiovascular disease. Patients with acute coronary syndrome or who are undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention must be treated with dual antiplatelet therapy for a mandatory period. The optimal perioperative antithrombotic regimen remains debatable; antithrombotics can cause bleeding. Inadequate antithrombotic regimens are associated with perioperative ischemic events, but continuation of therapy may increase the risks of perioperative hemorrhagic complications (including mortality). Many guidelines on the perioperative management of antithrombotic agents have been established by academic societies. However, the existing guidelines do not cover all specialties, nor do they describe the thrombotic and hemorrhagic risks associated with various surgical interventions. Moreover, few practical recommendations on the modification of antithrombotic regimens in patients who require non-deferrable interventions/surgeries or procedures associated with a high risk of hemorrhage have appeared. Therefore, cardiologists, specialists performing invasive procedures, surgeons, dentists, and anesthesiologists have not come to a consensus on optimal perioperative antithrombotic regimens. The Korean Platelet-Thrombosis Research Group presented a positioning paper on perioperative antithrombotic management. We here discuss commonly encountered clinical scenarios and engage in evidence-based discussion to assist individualized, perioperative antithrombotic management in clinical practice.
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