Regioisomers of singly bridged calixcrown-6 and their heavy alkali metal complexes: a molecular baseball glove for caesium(I)open access
- Kim, Seulgi; Jung, Jong Hwa; Lee, Shim Sung; Park, In-Hyeok
- Issue Date
- INT UNION CRYSTALLOGRAPHY
- calixcrown; template effects; caesium(I) ions; molecular baseball glove; host-guest complexes
- IUCRJ, v.9, pp.43 - +
- Journal Title
- Start Page
- End Page
- We report the formation of heavy alkali metal complexes of bicyclic host molecules including the caesium(I) complex that catches the central metal ion with the deep pocket of the host similar to a baseball glove. For this, three regioisomers of singly bridged calixcrown-6 [1,2-bridged (H4L1,2), 1,3-bridged (H4L1,3) and 1,4-bridged (H4L1,4)] have been synthesized by alkylation of calixarene with pentaethylene glycol ditosylate in the presence of M2CO3 (M = Na, K, Rb and Cs). The larger the cation size of the metal carbonate, the higher the yield of the H4L1,4 isomer, indicating the size-based template effect. A combination of H4L1,2 and RbOH allowed isolation of the mononuclear rubidium(I) complex (1) in which the metal center is six-coordinated in a loose fashion, the remaining two oxygen donors in the crown loop and two phenols in the calix rim are uncoordinated. Notably, the complexation of H4L1,2 with CsOH yielded the mononuclear caesium(I) complex (2), in which all possible ten binding sites on the deep and good-fit pocket participate in coordination via high cooperativity between the crown loop and calix rim, similar to a baseball glove. In dipolar organic solution, the caesium(I) complex 2 remains intact. H4L1,4 afforded a dicesium(I) complex (3) and adjacent complexes are linked by intermolecular cation-pi interactions, giving rise to a pseudo one-dimensional coordination polymer. These results provide insight into the metal carbonate-dependent synthesis of calixcrowns and the influence of regioisomers on caesium(I) complexation.
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