An Ultrasensitive Silicon-Based Electrolyte-Gated Transistor for the Detection of Peanut Allergensopen access
- Kim, Donghoon; Jin, Bo; Kim, Sol-A; Choi, Wonyeong; Shin, Seonghwan; Park, Jiwon; Shim, Won-Bo; Kim, Kihyun; Lee, Jeong-Soo
- Issue Date
- BioFET; biosensor; electrolyte gate; limit of detection; peanut allergen
- BIOSENSORS-BASEL, v.12, no.1
- Journal Title
- The highly sensitive detection of peanut allergens (PAs) using silicon-based electrolyte-gated transistors (Si-EGTs) was demonstrated. The Si-EGT was made using a top-down technique. The fabricated Si-EGT showed excellent intrinsic electrical characteristics, including a low threshold voltage of 0.7 V, low subthreshold swing of <70 mV/dec, and low gate leakage of <10 pA. Surface functionalization and immobilization of antibodies were performed for the selective detection of PAs. The voltage-related sensitivity (S-V) showed a constant behavior from the subthreshold regime to the linear regime. The current-related sensitivity (S-I) was high in the subthreshold regime and then significantly decreased as the drain current increased. The limit of detection (LOD) was calculated to be as low as 25 pg/mL based on S-I characteristics, which is the lowest value reported to date in the literature for various sensor methodologies. The Si-EGT showed selective detection of PA through a non-specific control test. These results confirm that Si-EGT is a high-sensitivity and low-power biosensor for PA detection.
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- 농업생명과학대학 > 식품공학부 > Journal Articles
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