Development of artificial neural networks software for arsenic adsorption from an aqueous environment
- Maurya, A. K.; Nagamani, M.; Kang, Seung Won; Yeom, Jong-Taek; Hong, Jae-Keun; Sung, Hyokyung; Park, C. H.; Reddy, Paturi Uma Maheshwera; Reddy, N. S.
- Issue Date
- ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
- Adsorption; Arsenic removal; Artificial neural networks; Quantitative estimation; Sensitivity analysis
- ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, v.203
- Journal Title
- ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH
- Arsenic contamination is a global problem, as it affects the health of millions of people. For this study, datadriven artificial neural network (ANN) software was developed to predict and validate the removal of As(V) from an aqueous solution using graphene oxide (GO) under various experimental conditions. A reliable model for wastewater treatment is essential in order to predict its overall performance and to provide an idea of how to control its operation. This model considered the adsorption process parameters (initial concentration, adsorbent dosage, pH, and residence time) as the input variables and arsenic removal as the only output. The ANN model predicted the adsorption efficiency with high accuracy for both training and testing datasets, when compared with the available response surface methodology (RSM) model. Based on the best model synaptic weights, userfriendly ANN software was created to predict and analyze arsenic removal as a function of adsorption process parameters. We developed various graphical user interfaces (GUI) for easy use of the developed model. Thus, a researcher can efficiently operate the software without an understanding of programming or artificial neural networks. Sensitivity analysis and quantitative estimation were carried out to study the function of adsorption process parameter variables on As(V) removal efficiency, using the GUI of the model. The model prediction shows that the adsorbent dosages, initial concentration, and pH are the most influential parameters. The efficiency was increased as the adsorbent dosages increased, decreasing with initial concentration and pH. The result show that the pH 2.0-5.0 is optimal for adsorbent efficiency (%).
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- 공과대학 > 나노신소재공학부금속재료공학전공 > Journal Articles
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