Glycosidic flavonoids and their potential applications in cancer research: a reviewopen access
- Abusaliya, Abuyaseer; Ha, Sang Eun; Bhosale, Pritam Bhagwan; Kim, Hun Hwan; Park, Min Yeong; Vetrivel, Preethi; Kim, Gon Sup
- Issue Date
- KOREAN SOCIETY TOXICOGENOMICS & TOXICOPROTEOMICS-KSTT
- Flavonoid; Glycosides; Cancer; Programmed cell death; Cell cycle arrest
- MOLECULAR & CELLULAR TOXICOLOGY, v.18, no.1, pp.9 - 16
- Journal Title
- MOLECULAR & CELLULAR TOXICOLOGY
- Start Page
- End Page
- Purpose of review Every year, the cancer patient registry increases, and the leading cause of death in a global context. Plant-based molecules are gaining attention in cancer research due to the side effects of chemotherapy. A glycosidic derivative of flavonoid (GDF) plays a significant role in cancer proliferation mechanisms. GDF inhibits cell proliferation by elevating the expression of apoptotic proteins, altering the expression of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF- kappa B), and decreasing mitochondrial membrane potential (Delta psi m) in cancer cells. Recent findings Reported studies on the flavonoids orientin, vitexin, prunetionoside, chrysin, and scutellarein increased attention and are being widely investigated for their potential role in different parts of cancer research. Prunetionoside is a flavonoid with high cytotoxic potential and capable of inducing necroptosis in AGS gastric cancer cells. Similarly, scutellarein is a flavonol, induces an extrinsic apoptotic pathway and downregulates the expression level of cyclin proteins in HepG2 liver cancer cells. Vitexin is reported to be capable of deregulating the expression levels of p-Akt, p-mTOR, and p-PI3K in A549 lung cancer cells. Orientin inhibits IL-8 expression and invasion in MCF-7 breast cancer cells by suppressing MMP-9 in the presence of TPA via STAT3/AP-1/ERK/PKC alpha-mediated signaling pathways. It also induces mitochondria-mediated intrinsic apoptosis and G0/G1 cell cycle arrest in HT29 colon cancer cells. Chrysin is a flavonoid present in honey that has been shown to play an important role in cervical and colon cancer by suppressing the AKT/mTOR/PI3K pathway and increasing ROS accumulation, LDH leakage, respectively.
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- 수의과대학 > Department of Veterinary Medicine > Journal Articles
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