Role of Physiology, Immunity, Microbiota, and Infectious Diseases in the Gut Health of Poultryopen access
- Wickramasuriya, Samiru S.; Park, Inkyung; Lee, Kyungwoo; Lee, Youngsub; Kim, Woo H.; Nam, Hyoyoun; Lillehoj, Hyun S.
- Issue Date
- chicken; gut health; gut diseases; gut-brain axis; gut integrity; immunity; microbiota; oxidative stress; alternatives to antibiotics
- VACCINES, v.10, no.2
- Journal Title
- "Gut health" refers to the physical state and physiological function of the gastrointestinal tract and in the livestock system; this topic is often focused on the complex interacting components of the intestinal system that influence animal growth performance and host-microbial homeostasis. Regardless, there is an increasing need to better understand the complexity of the intestinal system and the various factors that influence gut health, since the intestine is the largest immune and neuroendocrine organ that interacts with the most complex microbiome population. As we face the post-antibiotic growth promoters (AGP) era in many countries of the world, livestock need more options to deal with food security, food safety, and antibiotic resilience to maintain agricultural sustainability to feed the increasing human population. Furthermore, developing novel antibiotic alternative strategies needs a comprehensive understanding of how this complex system maintains homeostasis as we face unpredictable changes in external factors like antibiotic-resistant microbes, farming practices, climate changes, and consumers' preferences for food. In this review, we attempt to assemble and summarize all the relevant information on chicken gut health to provide deeper insights into various aspects of gut health. Due to the broad and complex nature of the concept of "gut health", we have highlighted the most pertinent factors related to the field performance of broiler chickens.
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- 수의과대학 > Department of Veterinary Medicine > Journal Articles
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