Association between behavioral patterns and mortality among US adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2007-2014open access
- Jung, Jiyun; Lee, Jeonghwan; Bae, Eunjin; Kim, Yong Chul; Kim, Eun Young; Lee, Jangwook; Shin, Sung Joon; Kim, Yon Su; Lee, Jung Pyo; Park, Jae Yoon
- Issue Date
- PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
- PLOS ONE, v.17, no.2
- Journal Title
- PLOS ONE
- Few large-scale studies have been conducted to show the joint effects of mortality associated with physical activity and sedentarism. Therefore, we examined the relationship between all-cause mortality and behavioral patterns among adults in the United States. Data of 17,730 non-institutionalized US civilians aged >= 20 years were extracted from the 2007-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We set the criteria for metabolic equivalents as 600 according to the WHO guideline, and sedentary time as 300 min/day according to the median. The Cox proportional hazards model was adjusted for demographic and lifestyle characteristics. During the 58.54 +/- 28.18 months follow-up, all-cause mortality rate was 4% and heart-related and cancer mortality rate was 1%. Participants in the high metabolic equivalents and low sedentary time group had a lower risk of all-cause (hazard ratio = 0.41, 95% confidence interval = 0.34-0.50), cardiovascular (hazard ratio = 0.36; 95% confidence interval = 0.23-0.55), and cancer (hazard ratio = 0.55; 95% confidence interval = 0.37-0.83) mortality, compared to those in the low metabolic equivalents and high sedentary time group. Sufficient physical activity and less sedentary behavior reduce all-cause and cause-specific mortality in adults in the United States, especially cardiovascular mortality among the elderly. Additional nationwide policies to improve behavioral patterns among adults need to be implemented in the United States.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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