Strategies to Mitigate Enteric Methane Emissions from Ruminant Animalsopen access
- Tseten, Tenzin; Sanjorjo, Rey Anthony; Kwon, Moonhyuk; Kim, Seon-Won
- Issue Date
- KOREAN SOC MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY
- Global warming; methane; ruminants; rumen microbiome; methanogenesis; direct-fed microbials
- JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, v.32, no.3, pp.269 - 277
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
- Start Page
- End Page
- Human activities account for approximately two-thirds of global methane emissions, wherein the livestock sector is the single massive methane emitter. Methane is a potent greenhouse gas of over 21 times the warming effect of carbon dioxide. In the rumen, methanogens produce methane as a by-product of anaerobic fermentation. Methane released from ruminants is considered as a loss of feed energy that could otherwise be used for productivity. Economic progress and growing population will inflate meat and milk product demands, causing elevated methane emissions from this sector. In this review, diverse approaches from feed manipulation to the supplementation of organic and inorganic feed additives and direct-fed microbial in mitigating enteric methane emissions from ruminant livestock are summarized. These approaches directly or indirectly alter the rumen microbial structure thereby reducing rumen methanogenesis. Though many inorganic feed additives have remarkably reduced methane emissions from ruminants, their usage as feed additives remains unappealing because of health and safety concerns. Hence, feed additives sourced from biological materials such as direct-fed microbials have emerged as a promising technique in mitigating enteric methane emissions.
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- 자연과학대학 > Division of Life Sciences > Journal Articles
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