Identification of Antibacterial Sterols from Korean Wild Mushroom Daedaleopsis confragosa via Bioactivity- and LC-MS/MS Profile-Guided Fractionationopen access
- Na, Myung Woo; Lee, Eunjin; Kang, Dong-Min; Jeong, Se Yun; Ryoo, Rhim; Kim, Chul-Young; Ahn, Mi-Jeong; Kang, Kyo Bin; Kim, Ki Hyun
- Issue Date
- Daedaleopsis confragosa; Polyporaceae; ergostane-type steroids; LC-MS; MS; anti-H; pylori activity
- MOLECULES, v.27, no.6
- Journal Title
- As part of an ongoing natural product chemical research for the discovery of bioactive secondary metabolites with novel structures, wild fruiting bodies of Daedaleopsis confragosa were collected and subjected to chemical and biological analyses. We subjected the fractions derived from the methanol extract of the fruiting bodies of D. confragosa to bioactivity-guided fractionation because the methanol extract of D. confragosa showed antibacterial activity against Helicobacter pylori strain 51, according to our bioactivity screening. The n-hexane and dichloromethane fractions showed moderate to weak antibacterial activity against H. pylori strain 51, and the active fractions were analyzed for the isolation of antibacterial compounds. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analysis revealed that the n-hexane fraction contains several compounds which are absent in the other fractions, so the fraction was prioritized for further fractionation. Through chemical analysis of the active n-hexane and dichloromethane fractions, we isolated five ergosterol derivatives (1-5), and their chemical structures were determined to be demethylincisterol A(3) (1), (20S,22E,24R)-ergosta-7,22-dien-3 beta,5 alpha,6 beta-triol (2), (24S)-ergosta-7-ene-3 beta,5 alpha,6 beta-triol (3), 5 alpha,6 alpha-epoxy-(22E,24R)-ergosta-7,22-dien-3 beta-ol (4), and 5 alpha,6 alpha-epoxy-(24R)-ergosta-7-en-3 beta-ol (5) by NMR spectroscopic analysis. This is the first report on the presence of ergosterol derivatives (1-5) in D. confragosa. Compound 1 showed the most potent anti-H. pylori activity with 33.9% inhibition, rendering it more potent than quercetin, a positive control. Compound 3 showed inhibitory activity comparable to that of quercetin. Distribution analysis of compound 1 revealed a wide presence of compound 1 in the kingdom Fungi. These findings indicate that demethylincisterol A(3) (1) is a natural antibiotic that may be used in the development of novel antibiotics against H. pylori.
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