The association of genetic alterations with response rate in newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia patients
- Park, Hyunkyung; Kang, Sungbong; Kim, Inho; Kim, Sangsoo; Kim, Hyeong-Joon; Shin, Dong-Yeop; Kim, Dae-Young; Lee, Kyoo-Hyung; Ahn, Jae-Sook; Sohn, Sang-Kyun; Lee, Jeong-Ok; Cheong, June-Won; Kim, Hoon-Gu; Kim, Hawk; Nam, Seung-Hyun; Park, Sang-Gon; Park, Seonyang; Kim, Kyoung Ha; Lee, Yoo Jin; Do, Young Rok; Park, Seong Kyu; Song, Hun Ho; Jung, Chul Won
- Issue Date
- PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
- Chronic myeloid leukemia; Tyrosine kinase; Genetic analysis; Molecular response; Natural killer cell
- LEUKEMIA RESEARCH, v.114
- Journal Title
- LEUKEMIA RESEARCH
- Genetic differences may be associated with the response to tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). In this study, we identified genetic alterations between rapid and slow responders (BCR/ABL1 International Scale at 6 months: <= 0.1 % vs. > 0.1 %) of TKI treatment in chronic phase CML patients. Our analyses involved single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), a Genome Wide Association Study and a Network-wide Association Study (NetWAS). Seventy-two patients from 16 institutions were enrolled and treated with a TKI, nilotinib. Gene Set Analysis identified genetic alterations in pathways related to the differentiation, proliferation, and activity of various innate immune cells. The NetWAS analysis found that genes associated with natural killer (NK) cells (PTPRCAP, BLNK, HCK, ARHGEF11, GPR183, TRPV2, SHKBP1, CD2) showed significant differences between rapid and slow responders of nilotinib. However, we found no significantly different genetic alterations according to the response in the SNP analysis. In conclusion, we found that rapidity of response to TKI was associated with pathway-associated genetic alterations in immune cells, particularly with respect to NK cell activity. These results suggested that the innate immune system at initial diagnosis had an important role in treatment response in patients with CML.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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