Foliar Silicon Spray before Summer Cutting Propagation Enhances Resistance to Powdery Mildew of Daughter Plantsopen access
- Xiao, Jie; Li, Yali; Jeong, Byoung Ryong
- Issue Date
- antioxidant system; disease severity; pathogenesis-related genes; photosynthesis; reactive oxygen species
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, v.23, no.7
- Journal Title
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES
- Silicon (Si) has beneficial effects on not only plant growth but also against biotic and abiotic stresses. However, a few studies focus on how Si application helps strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.) resist powdery mildew. The aim of this work was to find out the optimal Si application method before cutting propagation to enhance the resistance to powdery mildew in strawberry "daughter" plants. Naturally infected "mother" plants of 'Sulhyang', 'Maehyang', and 'Kuemsil' strawberries were supplied with Si. Potassium silicate (K2SiO3) at a final concentration of 75 mg center dot L-1 Si was either added to the medium for drenching or sprayed to the leaves of the "mother" or "daughter" plant, or soluble Si fertilizer was used to dress the "mother" plant. The Si application significantly increased the shoot fresh weight of the "daughter" plants. Supplemental Si also increased the contents of phosphorus (P), potassium (K), and magnesium (Mg). In addition, the Si treatment decreased the damage of powdery mildew by increased level of proline content and suppressive reactive oxygen species. After applying Si, the length and density of hyphae on the leaf surface decreased. In addition, the infected area of "daughter" plant leaves covered with powdery mildew decreased. This study also demonstrated that Si increased the expression of resistance-gene and decreased the expression of susceptibility-gene of strawberry. Overall, Si application promoted the growth of the "daughter" plants regardless of the application method. Direct foliar Si spray to the "daughter" plants before cutting propagation is recommended to increase their resistance to powdery mildew.
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