Antimicrobial Resistance, Pathogenic, and Molecular Characterization of Escherichia coli from Diarrheal Patients in South Koreaopen access
- Park, Seong Bin; Park, Yon Kyoung; Ha, Min Woo; Thompson, Kim D.; Jung, Tae Sung
- Issue Date
- E. coli; pathotyping; phenotyping; genotyping; antimicrobial susceptibility test; South Korea
- PATHOGENS, v.11, no.4
- Journal Title
- Diarrheal diseases due to foodborne Escherichia coli are the leading cause of illness in humans. Here, we performed pathogenic typing, molecular typing, and antimicrobial susceptibility tests on seventy-five isolates of E. coli isolated from stool samples of patients suffering from foodborne diseases in Busan, South Korea. All the isolates were identified as E. coli by both biochemical analysis (API 20E system) and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). The bacteria displayed entero-pathogenic E. coli (EPEC) (47.0%), entero-aggregative E. coli (EAEC) (33.3%), entero-toxigenic E. coli (ETEC) (6.6%), ETEC and EPEC (6.6%), EPEC and EAEC (4%), and ETEC and EAEC (2.7%) characteristics. The E. coli isolates were highly resistant to nalidixic acid (44.0%), tetracycline (41.3%), ampicillin (40%), ticarcillin (38.7%), and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (34.7%); however, they were highly susceptible to imipenem (98.6%), cefotetan (98.6%), cefepime (94.6%), and chloramphenicol (94.6%). Although 52 strains (69.3%) showed resistance against at least 1 of the 16 antibiotics tested, 23 strains (30.7%) were susceptible to all the antibiotics. Nine different serotypes (0166, 08, 020, 025, 0119, 0159, 028ac, 0127a, and 018), five genotypes (I to V, random-amplified polymorphic DNA), and four phenotypes (A to D, MALDI-TOF MS) were identified, showing the high level of heterogeneity between the E. coli isolates recovered from diarrheal patients in South Korea.
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- 수의과대학 > Department of Veterinary Medicine > Journal Articles
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