In vivo imaging of invasive aspergillosis with F-18-fluorodeoxysorbitol positron emission tomographyopen access
- Kim, Dong-Yeon; Pyo, Ayoung; Ji, Sehyeon; You, Sung-Hwan; Kim, Seong Eun; Lim, Daejin; Kim, Heejung; Lee, Kyung-Hwa; Oh, Se-Jeong; Jung, Ye-rim; Kim, Uh Jin; Jeon, Subin; Kwon, Seong Young; Kang, Sae-Ryung; Lee, Hyang Burm; Hyun, Hoon; Kim, So-Young; Moon, Kyung-Sub; Lee, Sunwoo; Kang, Seung Ji; Min, Jung-Joon
- Issue Date
- NATURE PORTFOLIO
- NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, v.13, no.1
- Journal Title
- NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
- Invasive aspergillosis is a critical complication in immunocompromised patients with hematologic malignancies or with viral pneumonia caused by influenza virus or SARS-CoV-2. Although early and accurate diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis can maximize clinical outcomes, current diagnostic methods are time-consuming and poorly sensitive. Here, we assess the ability of 2-deoxy-2-F-18-fluorosorbitol (F-18-FDS) positron emission tomography (PET) to specifically and noninvasively detect Aspergillus infections. We show that F-18-FDS PET can be used to visualize Aspergillus fumigatus infection of the lungs, brain, and muscles in mouse models. In particular, F-18-FDS can distinguish pulmonary aspergillosis from Staphylococcus aureus infection, both of which induce pulmonary infiltrates in immunocompromised patients. Thus, our results indicate that the combination of F-18-FDS PET and appropriate clinical information may be useful in the differential diagnosis and localization of invasive aspergillosis. Current diagnostic methods for invasive aspergillosis are time-consuming and poorly sensitive. Here, the authors show that positron emission tomography with 2-deoxy-2-F-18-fluorosorbitol can visualize Aspergillus fumigatus infection of the lungs, brain and muscles in mouse models, and can distinguish pulmonary aspergillosis from other diseases such as Staphylococcus aureus infection and lung cancer.
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- 약학대학 > 약학과 > Journal Articles
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