MicroRNA profiles in aqueous humor between pseudoexfoliation glaucoma and normal tension glaucoma patients in a Korean populationopen access
- Cho, Hyun-Kyung; Seong, Hyemin; Kee, Changwon; Song, Dae Hyun; Kim, Seong Jae; Seo, Seong Wook; Kang, Sang Soo
- Issue Date
- NATURE PORTFOLIO
- SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v.12, no.1
- Journal Title
- SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
- We aimed to obtain microRNA (miRNA) profiles of patients with pseudoexfoliation (PEX) glaucoma or normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) compared to normal controls using individual aqueous humor (AH) samples and investigate the role of miRNAs in the pathogenesis of PEX glaucoma compared to NTG in Korean. AH (80-120 mu l) was collected before cataract surgery or trabeculectomy from 26 Korean subjects (eleven with PEX glaucoma, age-matched eight NTG, and seven controls). RNA sequencing was conducted for RNA samples extracted from 26 AH samples. Bioinformatics analysis was performed for targets and related pathways. A total of 334 and 291 discrete miRNAs were detected in AH samples of PEX glaucoma and NTG patients, respectively. Two significantly upregulated miRNAs (hsa-miR-30d-5p and hsa-miR-320a) and ten significantly downregulated miRNAs (hsa-miR-3156-5p, hsa-miR-4458, hsa-miR-6717-5p, hsa-miR-6728-5p, hsa-miR-6834-5p, hsa-miR-6864-5p, hsa-miR-6879-5p, hsa-miR-877-3p, hsa-miR-548e-3p, and hsa-miR-6777-5p) in PEX glaucoma patients compared to control (fold-change > 2, p < 0.05) were found. In NTG patients, ten significantly upregulated and two downregulated miRNAs compared to control were found. Only hsa-miR-6777-5p was commonly downregulated in both PEX glaucoma and NTG patients. Related pathways were proteoglycans in cancer, glioma, and TGF-beta signaling pathway in PEX glaucoma. These differentially expressed miRNAs between PEX glaucoma and NTG samples suggest the possible role of miRNA in the pathogenesis of glaucoma, further implying that pathogenic mechanisms may differ between different types of glaucoma.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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