Effect of vacuum treatment in diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) based copolymer with ratio controlled toluene- and benzene- functional groups for efficient organic photovoltaic cells: Morphological and electrical contribution
- Park, Soyun; Tan, Xiaofeng; Jang, Woongsik; Cho, Jae Sang; Kim, Yun-Hi; Kwon, Soon-Ki; Wang, Dong Hwan
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
- Organic photovoltaic device; Nanomorphology; Diketopyrrolopyrrole; Vacuum treatment; Random copolymer; Kink donor
- ORGANIC ELECTRONICS, v.46, pp.183 - 191
- Journal Title
- ORGANIC ELECTRONICS
- Start Page
- End Page
- Solution-processed organic bulk-heterojunction (BHJ) photovoltaic cells using random copolymeric donor materials have been extensively reported due to their suitable film-forming characteristics and phase-separated nano-morphology. Here, ratio-controlled toluene-versus benzene-chemical group based diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) donor polymers mixed with a fullerene acceptor were investigated to fabricate an efficient photovoltaic active layer with improved electrical properties through a vacuum treatment. The vacuum process leads to an increase in the phase-separation with a low surface roughness and nanoscale-distributed crystallinity due to securing the dry time of the residual solvent and solvent additive within the active layer. Moreover, the optimized DPP-based donor with toluene (T) versus benzene (B) linkers and electron transporting layer leads to an improvement in the power conversion efficiencies of up to 6.31% under AM 1.5G illumination due to the contributions of an efficient charge transfer and reduced series resistance. Therefore, the organic semiconductor obtained with the ratio-controlled molecular structure and proper solvent drying process plays an important role in increasing the electrical and morphological properties to produce efficient organic solar cells. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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