Development of an automatic system for cultivating the biolu- minescent heterotrophic dinoflagellate Noctiluca scintillans on a 100-liter scaleopen access
- You, Ji Hyun; Jeong, Hae Jin; Park, Sang Ah; Ok, Jin Hee; Kang, Hee Chang; Eom, Se Hee; Lim, An Suk
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- KOREAN SOC PHYCOLOGY
- bioluminescence; feeding; food web; mass culture; protist; red tide
- ALGAE, v.37, no.2, pp.149 - 161
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- Noctiluca scintillans is a heterotrophic dinoflagellate that causes red-colored oceans during the day (red tides) and glowing oceans at night (bioluminescence). This species feeds on diverse prey, including phytoplankton, heterotrophic protists, and eggs of metazoans. Thus, many scientists have conducted studies on the ecophysiology of this species. It is easy to cultivate N. scintillans at a scale of 1 L, but it is difficult to cultivate them at a scale of 100 L because N. scintillans cells usually stay near the surface, while prey cells stay below the surface in large water tanks. To obtain mass-cultured N. scintillans cells, we developed an automatic system for cultivating N. scintillans on a scale of 100 L. The system consisted of four tanks containing fresh nutrients, the chlorophyte Dunaliella salina as prey, N. scintillans for growth, and N. scintil-lans for storage, respectively. The light intensities supporting the high growth rates of D. salina and N. scintillans were 300 and 20 ??mol photons m-2 s-1, respectively. Twenty liters of D. salina culture from the prey culture tank were transferred to the predator culture tank, and subsequently 20 L of nutrients from the nutrient tank were transferred to the prey culture tank every 2 d. When the volume of N. scintillans in the predator culture tank reached 90 L 6 d later, 70 L of the culture were transferred to the predator storage tank. To prevent N. scintillans cells from being separated from D. salina cells in the predator culture tank, the culture was mixed using an air pump, a sparger, and a stirrer. The highest abundance of N. scintillans in the predator culture tank was 45 cells mL-1, which was more than twice the highest abundance when this dinoflagellate was cultivated manually. This automatic system supplies 100 L of N. scintillans pure culture with a high density every 10 d for diverse experiments on N. scintillans.
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- 자연과학대학 > Division of Life Sciences > Journal Articles
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