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The Origin and Significance of the Korean Boy Scout Movement during the Japanese Occupation

Authors
Lee, KaramOk, Gwang
Issue Date
8-Jun-2022
Publisher
ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Keywords
Boy Scouts; Japanese imperialism; Korean nationalism; Korean Modern sports; physical education
Citation
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF SPORT, v.39, no.3, pp.270 - 285
Indexed
SSCI
AHCI
SCOPUS
Journal Title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF SPORT
Volume
39
Number
3
Start Page
270
End Page
285
URI
https://scholarworks.bwise.kr/gnu/handle/sw.gnu/1171
DOI
10.1080/09523367.2022.2059470
ISSN
0952-3367
Abstract
In the early twentieth century, the Boy Scout Movement gained prominence as a worldwide boys' movement. The movement, which was created during the Edwardian era to defend and maintain the British Empire, spread internationally in accordance with each nation's disparate political and social needs. From this perspective, the Joseon (Korea's national name during the Japanese colonial period) Boy Scout Movement emerged rapidly as a base for practical anti-imperialist resistance. Within the colonial space of Japanese rule, the boys of Joseon were able to foster physical fitness and masculinity through the Boy Scout Movement, thereby fostering a national consciousness and thus growing as autonomous agents capable of resisting the Japanese Empire. The educational activities of the Boy Scouts functioned as a channel for the proliferation and development of modern physical education and sports culture in Korea.
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