Impact of phase angle and sarcopenia estimated by bioimpedance analysis on clinical prognosis in patients undergoing hemodialysis A retrospective studyopen access
- Bae, Eunjin; Lee, Tae Won; Bae, Wooram; Kim, Seongmin; Choi, Jungyoon; Jang, Ha Nee; Chang, Se-Ho; Park, Dong Jun
- Issue Date
- LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
- bioimpedance analysis; hemodialysis; muscles; nutrition assessment; prognosis
- MEDICINE, v.101, no.25, pp.e29375
- Journal Title
- Start Page
- Bioimpedance analysis (BIA) has been widely used in the evaluation of body composition in patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis. We conducted this study to evaluate impact of phase angle (PA) and sarcopenia measured by BIA on clinical prognosis in these patients. This longitudinal retrospective study enrolled patients who underwent hemodialysis between January 2016 and March 2019. The patients were stratified into higher (> 4 degrees) and lower (<= 4.0 degrees) PA groups. Sarcopenia was defined when the appendicular skeletal muscle mass was < 20kg in men and < 15kg in women. Of the 191 patients, 63.4% were men. The mean age was 64.2 +/- 12.4 years. The lower PA group was older, had a higher proportion of women, a lower body mass index, lower albumin, cholesterol, uric acid, and phosphorus levels, and a higher incidence of history of coronary artery disease than the higher PA group. Linear regression analysis revealed that PA was significantly associated with body mass index (B=0.18, P=.005), serum albumin (B=0.23, P=.001), and creatinine levels (B=0.32, P<.001). During a median follow-up of 16.7 months, 14.1% (n=27) of patients experienced major adverse cardiovascular events and 11.0% (n=21) died. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the higher PA group had significantly better survival, regardless of sarcopenia. Multivariate Cox analyses revealed that lower PA (0.51 [0.31-0.85], P=.010), higher IDWG (1.06 [1.01-1.12], P=.028) and C-reactive protein level (1.01 [1.01-1.02], P<.001), and a history of coronary artery disease (3.02 [1.04-8.77], P=.042) were significantly related to all-cause mortality after adjusting for other covariates. PA measured by BIA was an independent factor in the prediction of mortality in maintenance hemodialysis patients, regardless of sarcopenia. Intervention studies are needed to confirm if the improvement in PA is associated with better clinical outcome.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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