Chokeberry Extract and Its Active Polyphenols Suppress Adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes and Modulates Fat Accumulation and Insulin Resistance in Diet-Induced Obese Miceopen access
- Kim, Na-Hyun; Jegal, Jonghwan; Kim, Yun Na; Heo, Jeong-Doo; Rho, Jung-Rae; Yang, Min Hye; Jeong, Eun Ju
- Issue Date
- Aronia melanocarpa; polyphenols; anti-adipogenesis; adipogenic transcription factor; diet-induced obesity; insulin resistance
- NUTRIENTS, v.10, no.11
- Journal Title
- Berries of Aronia melanocarpa (chokeberry) are known to be a rich source of biologically active polyphenols. In the present study, the effects of seven anti-adipogenic polyphenolic phytochemicals isolated from A. melanocarpa methanol extract on adipogenic transcription factors were investigated. Amygdalin and prunasin were found to inhibit 3T3-L1 adipocyte differentiation by suppressing the expressions of PPAR gamma (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma), C/EBP alpha(CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha), SREBP1c (sterol regulatory element binding protein 1c), FAS (fatty acid synthase), and aP2 (adipocyte fatty-acid-binding protein). A. melanocarpa extract-treated (100 or 200 mg/kg/day on body weight) high fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice showed significant decreases in body weight, serum triglyceride (TG), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLC) levels and improved insulin sensitivity as compared with HFD controls. This research shows A. melanocarpa extract is potentially beneficial for the suppression of HFD-induced obesity.
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- 자연과학대학 > 항노화신소재과학과 > Journal Articles
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