Comparing Genomic Characteristics of Streptococcus pyogenes Associated with Invasiveness over a 20-year Period in Koreaopen access
- Shin, Hyoshim; Takahashi, Takashi; Lee, Seungjun; Choi, Eun Hwa; Maeda, Takahiro; Fukushima, Yasuto; Kim, Sunjoo
- Issue Date
- KOREAN SOC LABORATORY MEDICINE
- Streptococcus pyogenes; Invasiveness; Whole genome sequencing
- ANNALS OF LABORATORY MEDICINE, v.42, no.4, pp.438 - 446
- Journal Title
- ANNALS OF LABORATORY MEDICINE
- Start Page
- End Page
- Background: Few studies have investigated the invasiveness of Streptococcus pyogenes based on whole-genome sequencing (WGS). Using WGS, we determined the genomic features associated with invasiveness of S. pyogenes strains in Korea. Methods: Forty-five S. pyogenes strains from 1997, 2006, and 2017, including common emm types, were selected from the repository at Gyeongsang National University Hospital in Korea. In addition, 48 S. pyogenes strains were randomly selected depending on their invasiveness between 1997 and 2017 to evaluate the genetic evolution and the associations between invasiveness and genetic profiles. Using WGS datasets, we conducted virulence-associated DNA sequence determination, emm genotyping, multi-locus sequence typing (MLST), and superantigen gene profiling. Results: In total, 87 strains were included in this study. There were no significant differences in the genomic features throughout the study periods. Four genes, csn1, ispE, nisK, and citC, were detected only in invasive strains. There was a significant association between invasiveness and emm cluster type A-C3, including, emm1.0, emm1.18, emm1.3, and emm1.76 (P<0.05). The predominant emml lineage belonged to ST28. There were no associations between invasiveness and superantigen gene profiles. Conclusions: This is the first study using WGS datasets of S. pyogenes strains collected between 1997 and 2017 in Korea. Streptococcal invasiveness is associated with the presence of csn1, ispE, nisK, and citC. The emm1 lineage and ST28 clone are explicitly associated with invasiveness, whereas genomic features remained stable over the 20-year period.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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