Improvement in the superelasticity of a Ti-35.5Ni-15Cu (at.%) alloy using Ti(Ni,Cu)(2) phase
- Shim, Ji-hyeon; Kim, Ji-hyun; Lim, Jin-hwan; Kim, Jung Gi; Oh, Jeong Seok; Lee, Taekyung; Li, Shuanglei; Nam, Tae-hyun
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
- Ti-Ni-Cu alloy; Shape memory alloy; Ti(Cu,Ni)(2) phase; Precipitation hardening; Superelasticity
- MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, v.847
- Journal Title
- MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING
- In this study, microstructures, martensitic transformation behavior and superelasticity of a (Ni,Cu)-rich Ti-35.5Ni-15Cu (at.%) alloy were investigated by means of scanning electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, tensile tests and transmission electron microscopy. As-cast Ti-35.5Ni-15Cu alloy ingot fabricated by arc melting was hot-rolled without cracking into a sheet with a thickness of 1.2 mm, which was ascribed to the introduction of ductile Ti(Ni,Cu)(2) phase beneficial for improving ductility of the alloy. Ti(Ni,Cu)(2) phase remained after 1123 K solution treatment, while it dissolved into the matrix during 1273 K solution treatment. Dissolution of Ti(Ni,Cu)(2) phase rendered matrix supersaturated with Ni and the subsequent annealing of the Ni-supersaturated matrix at 673 K induced precipitation of very fine C11(b)-type Ti(Ni,Cu)(2) phase. The specimen annealed at 673 K showed transformation temperatures comparable to those of a Ti-35Ni-15Cu (at.%) alloy and almost complete superelasticity, which were ascribed to precipitation of C11(b)-type Ti(Cu,Ni)(2) phase that made the (Ni + Cu) content of matrix close to 50 at.% and strengthened the matrix. The utilization of Ti(Ni,Cu)(2) phase for improving workability and superelasticity without lowering transformation temperatures and increasing transformation hysteresis in this study was considered to be a good strategy for putting the Ti-Ni-Cu alloys with high Cu-content to practical use.
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- 공학계열 > Dept.of Materials Engineering and Convergence Technology > Journal Articles
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