러시아의 크림 병합과 벨라루스의 언어상황 연구The Language Situation of Belarus after the Russian annexation of Crimea
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- The Language Situation of Belarus after the Russian annexation of Crimea
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- 벨라루스; 러시아; 러시아의 크림 병합; 언어정책; 언어상황; Belarus; Russia; Russian annexation of Crimea; Language policies; Language situation
- 슬라브어 연구, v.24, no.2, pp.175 - 188
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- 슬라브어 연구
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- The Republic of Belarus is the only post-Soviet country that has chosen Russian as its state language even after independence in 1991. In addition, since the inauguration of President Lukashenka in 1994, it was the most Russianized country to promote national integration with the Russian Federation. As a result, the Belarusians did not seek their own ethnic identity, and the Russia acknowledged that Belarusian language is a dialect of Russian.
However, with Putin's emergence, the annexation of Crimea led the Belarusian government, especially President Lukašenka, to push for a de-Russianization policy, advocating the ideology of a single Russian nation, the Russian-led unification of the East Slavic people, and expanding its influence on Belarus, Crimea and eastern Ukraine, based on the economic development of Russia, political and social sector stability of Russia.
The restoration of influence during the Soviet period of Russia, the preservation of identity in the local residence of overseas diaspora, the opposition to territorial search, and the flexible Belarusification by the ambition of President Lukašenka's individual began to be seen little by little since 2010 and the reality was revealed in earnest before and after the Russian annexation of Crimea in March 2014.
This is the most obvious gradual exclusion of Russian, the most basic language in the social public sector, education system, and the media, which is causing a lot of confusion because it seems that legal and concrete enforcement methods are not prepared and improvised.
Also, it is likely to be subject to economic sanctions and concerns of the Russian Federation, which is the most influential neighboring country, which is under the criticism, neglect, and criticism of the Russians, including the Russians in Belarus, or the majority of Belarusians.
Belarus is an inland country bordering Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Ukraine and Russia, and has always been influenced and influenced by neighboring powers from ancient times to the present. After independence in 1991, it promoted national integration as the closest country to Russia, and the change of language policy of the use of Belarusian in the recognition and expansion of the use of Russian language and the exclusion of Russian language at the same time was mainly influenced by President Lukašenka's own personal remorse.
The revival of Belarusian national identity and the expansion of the use area of Belarusian as a Korean language in the Republic of Belarus and the restoration of its function and status as a first language should be based on the search and recognition of Belarusian national identity, establishment of writings, and changes in perception of More of Belarusian people, but it is clear that the influence of Russia, Russians and Russian will continue due to geopolitical situation.
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