Expression of Arabidopsis thaliana Thioredoxin-h2 in Brassica napus enhances antioxidant defenses and improves salt tolerance
- Ji, Myung Geun; Park, Hee Jin; Cha, Joon-Yung; Kim, Jin A.; Shin, Gyeong-Im; Jeong, Song Yi; Lee, Eun Seon; Yun, Dae-Jin; Lee, Sang Yeol; Kim, Woe-Yeon
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER FRANCE-EDITIONS SCIENTIFIQUES MEDICALES ELSEVIER
- Antioxidant system; Arabidopsis thaliana; Brassica napus; Heterologous expression; Salt tolerance; Thioredoxin-h2
- PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY, v.147, pp.313 - 321
- Journal Title
- PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY
- Start Page
- End Page
- Salt stress limits crop productivity worldwide, particularly in arid and heavily irrigated regions. Salt stress causes oxidative stress, in which plant cells accumulate harmful levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Thioredoxins (Trxs; EC 188.8.131.52) are antioxidant proteins encoded by a ubiquitous multigene family. Arabidopsis thaliana Trx h-type proteins localize in the cytoplasm and other subcellular organelles, and function in plant responses to abiotic stresses and pathogen attack. Here, we isolated the Arabidopsis genes encoding two cytosolic h-type Trx proteins, AtTrx-h2 and AtTrx-h3 and generated transgenic oilseed rape (Brassica napus) plants overexpressing AtTrx-h2 or AtTrx-h3. Heterologous expression of AtTrx-h2 in B. napus conferred salt tolerance with plants grown on 50 mM NaCI having higher fresh weight and chlorophyll contents compared with controls in hydroponic growth system. By contrast, expression of AtT'rx-h3 or the empty vector control did not improve salt tolerance. In addition, AtTrx-h2-overexpressing transgenic plants exhibited lower levels of hydrogen peroxide and higher activities of antioxidant enzymes including peroxidase, catalase, and superoxide dismutase, compared with the plants expressing the empty vector control or At7'rx-h3. These results suggest that AtTrx-h2 is a promising candidate for engineering or breeding crops with enhanced salt stress tolerance.
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