Alpha-Lipoic Acid Ameliorates Radiation-Induced Salivary Gland Injury by Preserving Parasympathetic Innervation in Ratsopen access
- Kim, Jin Hyun; Jeong, Bae Kwon; Jang, Si Jung; Yun, Jeong Won; Jung, Myeong Hee; Kang, Ki Mun; Kim, Tae Gyu; Woo, Seung Hoon
- Issue Date
- radiation therapy; salivary gland; xerostomia; parasympathetic innervation; Alpha lipoic acid
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, v.21, no.7
- Journal Title
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES
- Radiation therapy is a standard treatment for patients with head and neck cancer. However, radiation exposure to the head and neck induces salivary gland (SG) dysfunction. Alpha lipoic acid (ALA) has been reported to reduce radiation-induced toxicity in normal tissues. In this study, we investigated the effect of ALA on radiation-induced SG dysfunction. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to the following treatment groups: control, ALA only (100 mg/kg, intraperitoneally), irradiation only, and ALA administration 24 h or 30 min prior to irradiation. The neck area, including SGs, was irradiated evenly at 2 Gy/min (total dose, 18 Gy) using a photon 6 MV linear accelerator. The rats were sacrificed at 2, 6, 8, and 12 weeks after irradiation. Radiation decreased SG weight, saliva secretion, AQP5 expression, parasympathetic innervation (GFR alpha 2 and AchE expression), regeneration potentials (Shh and Ptch expression), salivary trophic factor levels (brain-derived neurotrophic factor and neurturin), and stem cell expression (Sca-1). These features were restored by treatment with ALA. This study demonstrated that ALA can rescue radiation-induced hyposalivation by preserving parasympathetic innervation and regenerative potentials.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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