Krill Oil Attenuates Cognitive Impairment by the Regulation of Oxidative Stress and Neuronal Apoptosis in an Amyloid beta-Induced Alzheimeropen access
- 김지현; Lee, D (Lee, Dongjun); Cho, EJ (Cho, Eun Ju); He, MT (He, Mei Tong); Choi, JM (Choi, Ji Myung); Meng, HW (Meng, Hui Wen)
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- MOLECULES, v.25, no.3942, pp.1 - 14
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- In the present study, we investigated the cognitive improvement effects and its mechanisms of krill oil (KO) in A beta(25-35)-induced Alzheimer's disease (AD) mouse model. The A beta(25-35)-injected AD mouse showed memory and cognitive impairment in the behavior tests. However, the administration of KO improved novel object recognition ability and passive avoidance ability compared with A beta(25-35)-injected control mice in behavior tests. In addition, KO-administered mice showed shorter latency to find the hidden platform in a Morris water maze test, indicating that KO improved learning and memory abilities. To evaluate the cognitive improvement mechanisms of KO, we measured the oxidative stress-related biomarkers and apoptosis-related protein expressions in the brain. The administration of KO inhibited oxidative stress-related biomarkers such as reactive oxygen species, malondialdehyde, and nitric oxide compared with AD control mice induced by A beta(25-35). In addition, KO-administered mice showed down-regulation of Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in the brain. Therefore, this study indicated that KO-administered mice improved cognitive function against A beta(25-35)by attenuations of neuronal oxidative stress and neuronal apoptosis. It suggests that KO might be a potential agent for prevention and treatment of AD.
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- 자연과학대학 > 식품영양학과 > Journal Articles
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