Pre-existing and machine learning-based models for cardiovascular risk predictionopen access
- Cho, Sang-Yeong; Kim, Sun-Hwa; Kang, Si-Hyuck; Lee, Kyong Joon; Choi, Dongjun; Kang, Seungjin; Park, Sang Jun; Kim, Tackeun; Yoon, Chang-Hwan; Youn, Tae-Jin; Chae, In-Ho
- Issue Date
- NATURE PORTFOLIO
- SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v.11, no.1
- Journal Title
- SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
- Predicting the risk of cardiovascular disease is the key to primary prevention. Machine learning has attracted attention in analyzing increasingly large, complex healthcare data. We assessed discrimination and calibration of pre-existing cardiovascular risk prediction models and developed machine learning-based prediction algorithms. This study included 222,998 Korean adults aged 40-79 years, naive to lipid-lowering therapy, had no history of cardiovascular disease. Pre-existing models showed moderate to good discrimination in predicting future cardiovascular events (C-statistics 0.70-0.80). Pooled cohort equation (PCE) specifically showed C-statistics of 0.738. Among other machine learning models such as logistic regression, treebag, random forest, and adaboost, the neural network model showed the greatest C-statistic (0.751), which was significantly higher than that for PCE. It also showed improved agreement between the predicted risk and observed outcomes (Hosmer-Lemeshow chi(2)=86.1, P<0.001) than PCE for whites did (Hosmer-Lemeshow chi(2)=171.1, P<0.001). Similar improvements were observed for Framingham risk score, systematic coronary risk evaluation, and QRISK3. This study demonstrated that machine learning-based algorithms could improve performance in cardiovascular risk prediction over contemporary cardiovascular risk models in statin-naive healthy Korean adults without cardiovascular disease. The model can be easily adopted for risk assessment and clinical decision making.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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