Development and Validation of a Symptom-Focused Quality of Life Questionnaire (KOQUSS-40) for Gastric Cancer Patients after Gastrectomyopen access
- Eom, Bang Wool; Lee, Joongyub; Lee, In Seob; Son, Young-Gil; Ryu, Keun Won; Kim, Sung Geun; Kim, Hyoung-Il; Kim, Young-Woo; Kong, Seong-Ho; Kwon, Oh Kyoung; Park, Ji-Ho; An, Ji Yeong; Kim, Chang Hyun; Suh, Byoung-Jo; Yoon, Hong Man; Son, Myoung Won; Park, Ji Yeon; Park, Jong-Min; Jeong, Sang-Ho; Yoo, Moon-Won; Song, Geum Jong; Yang, Han-Kwang; Suh, Yun-Suhk; Park, Ki Bum; Ahn, Sang-Hoon; Shin, Dong Woo; Jee, Ye Seob; Ahn, Hye-Seong; Lee, Sol; Min, Jae Seok; In, Haejin; Kim, Ahyoung; Hur, Hoon; Lee, Hyuk-Joon
- Issue Date
- KOREAN CANCER ASSOCIATION
- Stomach neoplasms; Quality of life; Surveys and questionnaires; Validation study
- CANCER RESEARCH AND TREATMENT, v.53, no.3, pp.763 - 772
- Journal Title
- CANCER RESEARCH AND TREATMENT
- Start Page
- End Page
- Purpose Patients who have undergone gastrectomy have unique symptoms that are not appropriately assessed using currently avail-able tools. This study developed and validated a symptom-focused quality of life (QoL) questionnaire for patients who have received gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Materials and Methods Based on a literature review, patient interviews, and expert consultation by the KOrean QUality of life in Stomach cancer patients Study group (KOQUSS), the initial item pool was developed. Two large-scale developmental studies were then sequentially conducted for exploratory factor analyses for content validity and item reduction. The final item pool was validated in a separate cohort of patients and assessed for internal consistency, test-retest reliability, construct validity, and clinical validity. Results The initial questionnaire consisted of 46-items in 12 domains. Data from 465 patients at 11 institutions, followed by 499 patients at 13 institutions, were used to conduct item reduction and exploratory factor analyses. The final questionnaire (KOQUSS-40) comprised 40 items within 11 domains. Validation of KOQUSS-40 was conducted on 413 patients from 12 hospitals. KOQUSS-40 was found to have good model fit. The mean summary score of the KOQUSS-40 was correlated with the EORTC QLQ-C30 and STO22 (correlation coefficients, 0.821 and 0.778, respectively). The KOQUSS-40 score was also correlated with clinical factors, and had acceptable internal consistency (> 0.7). Test-retest reliability was greater than 0.8. Conclusion The KOQUSS-40 can be used to assess QoL of gastric cancer patients after gastrectomy and allows for a robust compari-son of surgical techniques in clinical trials.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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