Immune-metabolic receptor GPR84 surrogate and endogenous agonists, 6-OAU and lauric acid, alter Brucella abortus 544 infection in both in vitro and in vivo systems
- Reyes, Alisha Wehdnesday Bernardo; Kim, Heejin; Tran Xuan Ngoc Huy; Son Hai Vu; Trang Thi Nguyen; Kang, Chang Keun; Min, Wongi; Lee, Hu Jang; Lee, John Hwa; Kim, Suk
- Issue Date
- ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
- 6-OAU; B; abortus; Cytokines; GPR84; Lauric acid; MAPKs
- MICROBIAL PATHOGENESIS, v.158
- Journal Title
- MICROBIAL PATHOGENESIS
- Brucella abortus, one of the most important members of the genus Brucella responsible for human disease, is an intracellular pathogen capable of avoiding or interfering components of the host immune responses that are critical for its virulence. GPR84, on the other hand, is a seven-transmembrane GPCR involved in the inflammatory response and its induced expression was associated with B. abortus infection of RAW264.7 cells. Here we examined the effects of the reported GPR84 surrogate and endogenous agonists, namely 6-n-octylaminouracil (6OAU) and lauric acid (LU), respectively in the progression of B. abortus infection in a cell and mouse models. The in vitro studies revealed the LU had bactericidal effect against Brucella starting at 24 h post-incubation. Adhesion of Brucella to RAW264.7 cells was attenuated in both 6-OAU and LU treatments. Brucella uptake was observed to be inhibited in a dose and time-dependent manner in 6-OAU but only at the highest non-cytotoxic concentration in LU-treated cells. However, survival of Brucella within the cells was reduced only in LU-treated cells. We also investigated the possible inhibitory effects of the agonist in other Gram-negative bacterium, Salmonella Typhimurium and we found that both adhesion and uptake were inhibited in 6-OAU treatment and only the intracellular survival for LU treatment. Furthermore, 6-OAU treatment reduced ERK phosphorylation and MCP-1 secretion during Brucella infection as well as reduced MALT1 protein expression and ROS production in cells without infection. LU treatment attenuated ERK and JNK phosphorylation, MCP-1 secretion and NO accumulation but increased ROS production during infection, and similar pattern with MALT1 protein expression. The in vivo studies showed that both treatments via oral route augmented resistance to Brucella infection but more pronounced with 6-AOU as observed with reduced bacterial proliferation in spleens and livers. At 7 d posttreatment and 14 d post-infection, 6-OAU-treated mice displayed reduced IFN-gamma serum level. At 7 d postinfection, high serum level of MCP-1 was observed in both treatments with the addition of TNF-alpha in LU group. IL-6 was increased in both treatments at 14 d post-infection with higher TNF-alpha, MCP-1 and IL-10 in LU group. Taken together, 6-OAU and LU are potential candidates representing pharmaceutical strategy against brucellosis and possibly other intracellular pathogens or inflammatory diseases.
- Files in This Item
- There are no files associated with this item.
- Appears in
- 수의과대학 > Department of Veterinary Medicine > Journal Articles
Items in ScholarWorks are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.