Clinical experience of tensor-valued diffusion encoding for microstructure imaging by diffusional variance decomposition in patients with breast canceropen access
- Cho, Eun; Baek, Hye Jin; Szczepankiewicz, Filip; An, Hyo Jung; Jung, Eun Jung; Lee, Ho-Joon; Lee, Joonsung; Gho, Sung-Min
- Issue Date
- AME PUBLISHING COMPANY
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI); tensor-valued diffusion encoding; breast cancer; invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC); breast
- QUANTITATIVE IMAGING IN MEDICINE AND SURGERY, v.12, no.3, pp.2002 - 2017
- Journal Title
- QUANTITATIVE IMAGING IN MEDICINE AND SURGERY
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- End Page
- Background: Diffusion-weighted imaging plays a key role in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of breast tumors. However, it remains unclear how to interpret single diffusion encoding with respect to its link with tissue microstructure. The purpose of this retrospective cross-sectional study was to use tensor-valued diffusion encoding to investigate the underlying microstructure of invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) and evaluate its potential value in a clinical setting. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed biopsy-proven breast cancer patients who underwent preoperative breast MRI examination from July 2020 to March 2021. We reviewed the MRI of 29 patients with 30 IDCs, including analysis by diffusional variance decomposition enabled by tensor-valued diffusion encoding. The diffusion parameters of mean diffusivity (MD), total mean kurtosis (MKT), anisotropic mean kurtosis (MKA), isotropic mean kurtosis (MKI), macroscopic fractional anisotropy (FA), and microscopic fractional anisotropy (pFA) were estimated. The parameter differences were compared between IDC and normal fibroglandular breast tissue (FGBT), as well as the association between the diffusion parameters and histopathologic items. Results: The mean value of MD in IDCs was significantly lower than that of normal FGBT (1.07 +/- 0.27 vs. 1.34 +/- 0.29, P<0.001); however, MKT, MKA, MKI, FA, and mu FA were significantly higher (P<0.005). Among all the diffusion parameters, MKI was positively correlated with the tumor size on both MRI and pathological specimen (r(s)=.38, P<0.05 vs. rs(=)0.54, P<0.01), whereas MKT had a positive correlation with the tumor size in the pathological specimen only (r(s)=0.47, P<0.02). In addition, the lymph node (LN) metastasis group had significantly higher MKT, MKA, and mu FA compared to the metastasis negative group (P<0.05). Conclusions: Tensor-valued diffusion encoding enables a useful non-invasive method for characterizing breast cancers with information on tissue microstructures. Particularly, mu FA could be a potential imaging biomarker for evaluating breast cancers prior to surgery or chemotherapy.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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