Chlorogenic acid alleviates cerebral ischemia-induced neuroinflammation via attenuating nuclear factor kappa B activation
- Shah, Murad-Ali; Kang, Ju-Bin; Park, Dong-Ju; Kim, Myeong-Ok; Koh, Phil-Ok
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD
- Cerebral ischemia; Chlorogenic acid; Neuroinflammation; Nuclear factor-kappa B
- NEUROSCIENCE LETTERS, v.773
- Journal Title
- NEUROSCIENCE LETTERS
- Ischemic stroke is the most common type of stroke and is caused by vascular closure. Chlorogenic acid is a polyphenolic compound that is present in various plants. It is used as a traditional oriental medicine because of its anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. We investigated whether chlorogenic acid mediates neuroprotective effects by regulating pro-inflammatory proteins. Focal cerebral ischemia was induced through middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) surgery in adult rats. Chlorogenic acid (30 mg/kg) or vehicle was injected into the abdominal cavity 2 h after MCAO. Rats were sacrificed 24 h after MCAO surgery and brain tissues were isolated immediately. MCAO caused histopathological changes in the ischemic cerebral cortex, and chlorogenic acid attenuated these changes. Chlorogenic acid reduced MCAO-induced reactive oxygen species generation and oxidative stress increase in the cerebral cortex. Furthermore, cerebral ischemia increased the expression of ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule-1 (Iba-1) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), which are microglia and astrocyte activation markers, respectively. However, chlorogenic acid prevented MCAO-induced these increases. MCAO damage also increased the expression of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). Chlorogenic acid treatment attenuated these increases caused by MCAO. These proteins are representative pro-inflammatory markers. This study confirmed that chlorogenic acid exerts an anti-oxidative effect and elucidated anti-inflammatory effect through regulating NF-kappa B, IL-1 beta, and TNF-alpha on cerebral ischemia. Thus, we can suggest that chlorogenic acid has neuroprotective effects by reducing oxidative stress and controlling pro-inflammatory proteins against cerebral ischemic damage.
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- 수의과대학 > Department of Veterinary Medicine > Journal Articles
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